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Testicle cancer - What is it?

Testis cancer grows as a lump within the testis which therefore goes hard and then expands. It is usually without pain but occasionally can cause aching or even acute discomfort. Occasionally patients discover lumps after an injury for example being kicked during football. You should not assume that the lump is the result of the injury.

Testis cancer is rare, but potentially very dangerous if left untreated. However, with careful treatment, the majority of men with testis cancer can be cured.

Who can get testis cancer?

It most commonly occurs in men between the ages of 20 and 40. It occurs in about 1 in 500 men but there are some factors that increase the risk. If you have had an undescended testis even if it has been brought into the scrotum by surgery, this increases the risk of cancer to about 1 in 100. There is a strong family risk, so that if you brother has had it this will increase your risk about 10 times. If your father had testis cancer, this also increases the risk by about 5 times. If you have had testis cancer on one side successfully treated then you have quite a high chance of getting cancer in the remaining one – about 1 in 40.

If you are concerned about a lump in your testicle, you should see you doctor immediately.