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How are Kidney Stones diagnosed?

Symptoms from stones

While stones are forming in crevices they do not very often give pain. Once they move from the crevice into the more central part of the kidney and the ureter they nearly always give very severe pain. This occurs in the side of the abdomen and may shoot down into the groin. 

On top of this an infection may get into the kidney which causes serious illness with a very high fever and shivers.


Some simple urine tests can help to look for evidence of kidney stones, and help to find a cause. Routine blood tests will check how well the kidneys are working and look for abnormal levels of some of the chemicals that can make stones.

If your specialist suspects a stone, then Xray tests will help to make the diagnosis. This is usually a CT scan, but other tests are sometimes used as well. A kidney Xray can be used to monitor stones to see if they change over time.