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How is bladder Pain and Interstitial Cystitis treated?

Some patients find that their symptoms are made worse by certain foods ("trigger foods"). These tend to vary from patient to patient, although there appear to be a list of foods which are commonly implicated. It might be worth experimenting by cutting out a certain foods for 2 weeks, and then reintroducing it to see if your symptoms change.

There are a variety of medications which can help with Bladder Pain Syndrome. Some patients also benefit from treatments which are delivered directly into the bladder through a catheter.

Your specialist will discuss the available treatments in detail with you. It may be necessary to try a number of different treatments before finding the right one for you, and treatments which help one patient do not necessarily help another, even if their symptoms are very similar.


  • amitryptiline
  • pentosan polysulphate (Elmiron)
  • hydroxyzine (antihistamine)
  • anticholinergics (oxybutynin, solifenacin, detrusitol, trospium etc)

Treatment delivered into the bladder

  • Cystistat (Hyaluronan)
  • Condroitin
  • DMSO
  • Local anaesthetics (eg lignocaine)
  • Oxybutinin

Interventional treatments